• M. Balyshev Central State Scientific and Technical Archives of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • I. B. Vavilova Main Astronomical Observatory, National Academy of Science, Ukraine


Ключові слова:

dynamic astronomy, minor planets, celestial mechanics, cosmogony, Kharkiv Astronomical Observatory, Odessa Astronomical Observatory.


The research is devoted to the study of the
life and work of the outstanding Ukrainian astronomer-the-
oretician Kostyantyn Savchenko (1910–1956), who
worked in the field of celestial mechanics and dynamic cos-
mogony at the Kharkiv and Odesa astronomical observato-
ries in 1930–1950 years. As a result of historio-graphic
analysis, we found that till now there is no comprehensive
study of his scientific biography besides several publica-
tions related to certain facts of his life and activity, mostly
in the Odesa period, including the reminiscences by Prof.
V.K.Abalakin. Despite this, the vast majority of aspects of
the scientist’s life, including his scientific and teaching ac-
tivity in the Kharkiv period in 1930s, remains unexplored.
The astronomer's scientific work was devoted to the study
of the motion and rotation of celestial bodies with variable
masses, the exploration of the perturbations of the planets by
geometry methods, research of the physical nature of gravity,
and the development of cosmogonic theories.
We consistently describe the life and activity of Prof.
K.N.Savchenko at the Kharkiv and Odesa astronomical
observatories, the scientific and teaching work at the
Kharkiv State University, the Kherson State Pedagogical
Institute, and the Odesa State University, analyzing the
archive documents and his scientific publications


Archive of the Institute of Astronomy V. N. Karazin Kharkiv

National University (1931–1939). [in Ukrainian].

Archive of the Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University

(1944–1956). Inv. of D.E.T. in 1956. Personnel File by

Savchenko K. М., 48 p. [in Russian].

Archive of the Odesa I.I. Mechnikov National University;

K. M. Savchenko. For scientific cadres. 1956. No 37.

December 5, 4 [in Ukrainian],

Archive of the Office of the Security Service of Ukraine in the

Odessa region (1944). Archive-criminal File № 26277-p on

Pokrovsky K.D. (1868-1944). Vol. 1. P. 48–320.

Archive of the V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

(1936–1939). Inv. of D.E.T. in 1933–1941, Case File

No. 278, 4 p. [in Ukrainian].

Let's not forget, we remember: employees of Odesa I.I.

Mechnikov National University during the Second

World War (2015). Eds. A.P. Bakhchyvanzhy, A.S.

Lozheshnik. Odesa, 437 p.

Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory. Stellar Way in 175

years: 1821-1996 (1998). Ed. G.I. Pinigin. Nikolaev.

Pages of History of Astronomy in Odessa (1994). Part I,

Ed. V. G. Karetnikov. Odessa. [in Russian].

State Archive of the Kharkiv Region (1938). F. r-5875. In.

C. 16. P. 10. [in Russian].

The History of the Astronomical Observatory of Ivan

Franko National University of L’viv (2011). Ed. B. No-

vosyadlyj. LNU, L’viv.

The Names of Ukraine in Space (2003). Eds. I. B. Vavilova

and V. P. Plachinda. K., VAITE (see, also, Vavilova I.B.

(2006): Innovation in Teaching/Learning Astronomy

Methods, IAU Special Session, 2.

Abalakin, V. K. (1975): Konstantin Nikolaevich Sav-

chenko. In: The problems of the origin of the bodies of the

Solar system, pp. 3–6. M.–L.: AS USSR [in Russian].

Abalakin, V. K. (1995): Professor K. N. Savchenko. In:

V.G. Karetnikov (Ed.) Pages of the history of astronomy

in Odessa. Part 2, pp. 33–39. Odessa [in Russian].

Alexandrov Yu.V., Dudinov V.N., Zakhozhay V.A.

(2002): Astronomical School’s Report, 3, 2, 5. DOI:


Andronov, I. L. (2017): Odessa Astron. Publ., 30, 252.

DOI: 10.18524/1810-4215.2017.30.118686

Artemenko, T. G., Balyshev, M. A., Vavilova, I. B. (2009):

Kinemat. Phys. Celest. Bodies, 25, 3, 153. DOI:


Balyshev, M. A. (2007): Istoriko-Astronomicheskie Issle-

dovaniya, 32, 138.

Balyshev, M.A. (2008): Otto Ludwigovich Struve, 1987–

Moscow, Nauka.

Balyshev, M. A. (2018a): Science and Science of Science,

, 114. DOI: 10.15407/sofs2018.01.114.

Balyshev, M. A. (2018b): Kinemat. Phys. Celest. Bodies,

, 2, 98. DOI: 10.3103/S0884591318020022

Balyshev, M. A. (2018c): Istoriko-Astronomicheskie Issle-

dovaniya, 40, 127.

Balyshev, M. A. (2020a): Science and Science of Science,

, 96. DOI: 10.15407/sofs2020.02.096.

Balyshev, M. A. (2020b): Studies in History and Philoso-

phy of Science and Technology, 29, 1, 44. DOI:


Balyshev, M. A. (2020c): Science and Science of Science,

, 92. DOI: 10.15407/sofs2020.03.092

Balyshev M.A. (2021): Kinemat. Phys. Celest. Bodies, 37,


Barabashov, M. P. (1936): Astron. Zh., 13, 282 [in Russian].

Duboshin, G.N. (1968): Celestial Mechanics. Mechanics in

the USSR for 50 years. Vol. 1 “General and Applied Me-

chanics”. Moscow, Nauka, 416 p.

Ivanchenko, A. V. (Ed.). (2018): The scientists of the uni-

versities of Odessa: a bibliography. Issue 2 Natural Sci-

ence. Part 4 (1946–2017). Physicists. Astronomers.

Odessa, ONSL, 256 p. [in Ukrainian].

Hockey, T., Trimble, V., Williams, Th. R. et al. (2007). The

Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Set of 2

volumes, A-L and M-Z. New York, Springer.

Hockey, T., Trimble, V., Williams, Th. R. et al. (2013): The

Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Set of 2

volumes, A-L and M-Z. New York, Springer.

Hrushytska, I.B. (2017): Odesa Astronomical Observatory

in postwar years. Sci. papers of the Historical Faculty of

Zaporizhzhya National University, 49, 268. DOI:

26661/swfh-2017-49-051 [in Ukrainian].

Karetnikov, V. G. (2005): Savchenko Konstantin Niko-

laevich. Astronomer. In: Professors of Odessa (No-

vorossiysk) University: biographical dictionary. Vol. 4:

«R–Ya», pp. 52–53. Odessa: Astroprint [in Ukrainian].

Kazantseva L.V., Kislyuk V. S. (2006): Kyiv Window into

Space: the History of Kyiv Astronomical Observatory in

the Context of the History of Progress of National and

World Science. Kyiv, Nash chas [in Ukrainian].

Kolchinskij, I. G., Korsun’, A. A., Rodriges, M.G. (1986):

Astronomers. Biographical Handbook. Second supple-

mented and revised edition. Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 512

pp. [in Russian].

Korpun Ya. Yu. & Tsesevich, V. P. (1956): Istoriko-Astro-

nomicheskie Issledovaniya, 2, 289.

Korsun’, A. A. (1989): Istor.-Astron. Issled., 21, 327.

Krisciunas, K. (2004): Name Index to Sky and Telescope,

vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 1941) to vol. 108, no. 6 (Dec. 2004).

Lankford, J. (1996): History of Astronomy: An Enciclope-

dia (Garland Enciclopedias in the History of Science,

vol. 1. New York, Garland.

Omelchuk, S.A., Samsakova, I.V. (2017): Tavriysky visnyk

osvity, 2, 5 [in Ukrainian].

Pavlenko, Ya. V., Vavilova, I. B., Kostiuk, T. (2006): As-

tronomy in Ukraine. In: Organizations and Strategies in

Astronomy, Vol. 7. Ed. A. Heck. Springer, Dordrecht, the

Netherlands, p. 71. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5301-6_4.

Pinigin, G. (2009): Astron. Nach., 330, 6, 578. DOI:


Polosykhina, N. S. (2011): Crimean Astrophysical Obser-

vatory. Foundation, Development, Prosperity. Simfero-

pol, Business-Inform.

Savchenko, K. M. (1935): Bull. of the Astron. Observatory

of Kharkiv State University, 3, 2 [in Ukrainian].

Savchenko, К. М. (1936): Ucheni zapysky Kharkiv

derzhavnogo universytetu, 6–7, 25.

Savchenko K.M. (1939): Theory of rotational motion of a

solid body of variable masses. In: “Scientific notes of the

Kherson State Pedagogical Institute”.

Savchenko K.N. (1949): Vedomosti of the Odessa Astro-

nomical Observatory.

Savchenko, K. N. (1975): Kant’s cosmogony and the prob-

lem of origin of minor bodies of the Solar system. Probl.

proiskhozhd. tel soln. sist., p. 8 – 243.

Sharomova, V. (2007): Savchenko K.M. In: Ukrainian

Physicists and Astronomers: textbook. Ternopil, p. 212.

Shkuratov, Y. G. (Ed.). (2008): 200 years of astronomy at

Kharkiv University. Kharkiv: Kharkiv V.N. Karazin

National University, 632 p. [in Russian].

Subbotin, M. (1922): MNRAS, 82, 383. DOI:


Vavilova, I. B.; Konovalenko, A. A.; Megn, A. V. (2007):

Astron. Nach., 328, 5, 420 DOI: 10.1002/asna.200710762

Vavilova, I. B., Artemenko, T. G., Pakuliak, L. K. (2012):

Kinemat. Phys. Celest. Bodies, 30, 1, 46. DOI:


Vavilova, I. B. (2017): Odessa Astron. Publ., 30, 256. DOI:


Volianskaia, M. Yu., Karetnikov, V. G., Mandel, O. E.

(2005): Odessa Astron. Publ., 18, 138.

Zakhozhay, V.A. (2002): Astronomical School’s Report, 3,

DOI: 10.18372/2411-6602.03.2026.

Yatskiv, Ya. S., Korsun', A. A., Vavilova, I. B. (2005a):

Kinemat. Fiz. Neb. Tel, 21, 6, 403.

Yatskiv, Ya. S., Alexandrov, A. N., Vavilova, I. B. et al.

(2005b). General Relativity theory: tests through time.

Kyiv, MAO NAS of Ukraine, 288 p. ISBN 966-02-3728-6

Yatskiv, Ya., Vavilova, I.B. (2011): IAU Symposium, 260,

DOI: 10.1017/S1743921311003048

Yatskiv, Ya. S., Vavilova, I. B., Korsun’, A. A. (2012):

Odessa Astron. Publ., 25, 74.

Yatskiv, Ya. S., Vavilova, I. B., Romanets, O. A., Savchuk,

V.S. (2017): Space Sci. & Tech., 23, 3, 64. DOI: