INDUCING INTRINSIC γ-RAY EMISSION OF THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM BY INTENSE FLUXES OF PROTONS AND α-PARTICLES IN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI

Автор(и)

  • D. N. Doikov Odessa National Maritime University. Department of Natural and Technical Sciences, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18524/1810-4215.2020.33.216282

Ключові слова:

active galactic nuclei, γ-ray emission

Анотація

Cosmic-ray induced γ-ray emission in
active galactic nuclei (AGN) has been examined in this
study for the first time. Cross-sections for the formation of
γ-quanta in such cosmic-ray collisions were selected in the
1-150 MeV energy range. Synthetic γ-ray spectra were
computed for both interstellar gas and dust. At the same
energies of particle collisions and induced emission of γ-
quanta, energy intervals of diagnostic interest were
determined. Specific characteristics of emission were
detected in the energy ranges of 5-15 MeV and 23-30 MeV
for most investigated elements. Diffuse continuous γ-ray
spectra for the other energy ranges were less informative
with regard to the determination of the chemical
composition of interstellar gas. It has been shown that
exploring cosmic-ray fluxes in the vicinity of galactic
centres by employing the examined γ-ray spectra yields a
pattern of their energy distribution. Diagrams of cross-
sections for γ-quanta formation were computed for the α-
process elements. Synthetic γ-ray spectra of interstellar gas
and dust were calculated individually and collectively. It
has been indicated that, under certain conditions in AGN,
cross-sections for ionisation of atoms due to energy losses
by cosmic-ray induced ionisation and γ-quanta emission
resulting from collisions with cosmic rays are similar. It has
been found that when the maximum of proton and α-
particle energy distribution function falls within the
investigated range of energies, it leads to the formation of
the peak flux of γ-rays. This is particularly important for
the interpretation of observations in the energy ranges of 5-
15 MeV and 23-30 MeV. Synthetic induced γ-ray spectra
of interstellar dust were computed, and methods of their
observations for silicate and carbon-containing dust, which
account for 80% and 20% of the interstellar-dust total mass,
respectively, were determined. It has been deduced that the
contribution of Compton processes to γ-quanta emission
can be neglected at the investigated energies.

Посилання

Blandford R.D. and Znajek R.L: 1977, MNRAS, 179, 433.

Dermer C.D.: 1986, A&A, 157, 223.

Doikov D.N., Yushchenko A.V., Jeong Y.: 2019, JASS,

Rep. Korea, 36 (1), 21.

Fan J.N., Yang J.H., Liu Y. et al.: 2016, Ap J. Suppl. Ser.,

, A20, 18 pp.

Kozma C., Fransson C.: 1992, Ap.J, 390, 602,

Tanaka S., Yamano N., Hata K. et al.: 1994, Proc. of 8th

Int. Conf. on Rad. Shielding, Arlington, April 24-28, 2,

; Am. Nucl. Soc. Inc.

Városi F., Dwek E.: 1999, Ap. J., 523, 265.

Yan H., Lazarian A.: 2004, Ap. J., 614,757.

Yan H., Lazarian A.: 2002, Ap. J., 566, L105–L108.

Yan H.: 2015, Ap. & Sp. Sc. Lib., Springer-Verlag Berlin

Heidelberg, 407, 253.

Weingarter J.C., Draine B.T., Barr D.K.: 2006, Astrophys. J.,

, 1188.

##submission.downloads##

Опубліковано

2020-11-14

Номер

Розділ

Astrophysics