DOI: https://doi.org/10.18524/1810-4215.2019.32.181773

FADING OF THE CONTINUUM OF NOISE STORMS IN THE DECAMETER RANGE RELATED TO CME

E. A. Isaeva

Анотація


In this paper, we studied the incompre-
hensible fading of a continuum of noise storms and type IV
continual bursts in the decameter range, coinciding in time
with coronal mass ejections (CMEs) for solar proton events
(SPE). A comparative analysis showed that about 60% of
the CMEs are accompanied by the fading of the continuum
of noise storms and type IV continual bursts in the range of
25-30 MHz. It is shown that the fading of the continuum of
a noise storm associated with a CME is distinguished by
the intensity and duration of fading, as well as the width of
the fading band and the frequency at which the maximum
fading depth is observed. Moreover, detailed studies have
shown that, against the background of a general decline in
the radiation flux, a fine temporal structure at adjacent fre-
quencies remains. This may indicate that the radiation is
shielded by an external region in the path of radiation prop-
agation. It can be a cold and dense cloud of the CME itself
or absorption in the ionosphere. Absorption at low frequen-
cies in the Earth's ionosphere is quite possible, since the x-
ray and ultraviolet radiation of the flare can cause addi-
tional short-term ionization. In this regard, studies have
been conducted on the relationship of the fading of the con-
tinuum of noise storms with x-ray flares. A comparative
analysis showed that there is a fairly strong relationship be-
tween the integral flux and the effective duration of x-ray
flares with the integral flux and the effective duration of the
decrease in the continuum of noise storms, respectively.
Moreover, the relationship between the effective durations
is slightly higher, where the correlation coefficient between
the studied values is ≈ 0.71. It was also shown that short-
term impulse fading is associated with impulse x-ray flares,
and long-term with gradual long-term x-ray flares. It was
noted above that absorption can also occur in the body of
the CME itself, therefore, the relationship between the pa-
rameters for lowering the continuum of noise storms at a
given frequency and the speed of the CME was investi-
gated. A comparative analysis showed that there is a fairly
strong relationship between the maximum fading depth and
the CME speed, where the correlation coefficient between
the studied values is ≈ 0.65.


Ключові слова


speed of the CME; fading continuum of noise storms; integral flux

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Посилання


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